International DanceScience Development Program
International Medical, Scientific and Educational Initiative of the United
Nations Arts Initiative and the Sports Medicine & Science Institute.

Rider & Equine Development Programs

Classical ballet training represents the most advanced technical movement mechanics training in the world. The mechanical alignment ideal in classical ballet training represents the most stable, functionally integrate relationship of the spine and extremities.

An understanding of mechanical ideal is crucial for optimum control of the human frame in space, strength, leverage mechanics and economical movement. This foundation established in conjunction with sports specific movement mechanics is the key to successful Olympic development programs.  -- Stephen M. Apatow, Founder, International Dancescience Development Program.

Stephen M. Apatow
Founder, Director of Research & Development
Sports Medicine & Science Institute
International Dancescience Development Program

BalletEquestria: Rider & Equine Development Programs
Phone: 203-668-0282


In The Spotlight

Rider Biomechanics Clinics

 2006: Central New England United States Pony Club, Massachusetts.
2003: CSDEA Clinics & Year End Meeting:
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN.
2002: St. Louis Area Dressage Society. 
2000: December: CDS Ventura, CA. *
2000: August: Equest Training Center: Reno, NV. *
2000: April:Cross Winds Farm, Chagrin Falls, OH.
2000: February: Geikie Clinic: CT.
1999: Western Pennsylvania Dressage.  *
1999: Eastern New York Dressage & CTA.
1998: USDF Region 5 Camp,
Spring Creek Equestrian Center, Jackson Hole, WY. *
1997: USDF Adult Camp, Once Upon A Horse, Eagle, ID.

*USDF University Credits


  • The Next level: Learning About Biomechanics by Kimberly Cruser.  For those of us on the continuing search for improvements to our riding skills, the USDF University accredited lecture for members of the Ventura and Pomona CDS chapters in Dec 2000, was a great opportunity to learn more about the biomechanics of the human body and the muscle control and tone needed to ride well. Article submitted to USDF Connection.

Dressage Today: April 2000 Issue
Ask The Expert

Stephen M. Apatow

"I am a middle-aged rider who has come back to riding after about 15 years. I have an 8-year-old Thoroughbred cross gelding that I work at First Level, hoping to do some showing eventually. I find I am not as flexible as I used to be and  have recently heard about "biomechanics" and how it might help me. I'm not sure what is meant by the term as it refers to riding horses. Can you explain what it is and why it is important to dressage riders like me?"

Click here for the Article
.Equestrian Development Clinics
& Private Consultations

The science of classical ballet training, as used in Eastern Bloc development programs for gymnastics and figure skating, is the reference point for the optimization of fundamental movement mechanics and the precision execution classical dressage technique. Inconjuction with a lecture presentation, individual consultations cover the rider specific mechanics of a connected seat, posting, halt/half halt, turn mechanics, spiral seat and lateral movements.

Expanding Human to Veterinary 
Biomechanics Applications

In 1994, after learning about the application of the procedure in a cervical entrapment neurapathy case on the wife of a physician at Yale Medical School, a veterinarian in Northern Nevada requested our help with a spinal condition involving a 12 year old basset hound. The sucess of this case in a quadruped application opened the door for work on hundreds of sporthorses in dressage, hunter-jumper and western training programs. For additional information, visit the:


International Association for Dance Medicine & Science
AAOS Bulletin
Orthopedics Today
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
Medscape: Orthopedics & Sports Medicine
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Journal of Biomechanics Online
Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Physician and SportsMedicine
Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics
Gatorade Sports Science Institute
Sports Information Resource Centre


Back to the International Dancescience Development Program
Copyright © 2011 Sports Medicine & Science Institute  All rights reserved